Rupea Fortress

Rupea Fortress is one of the oldest archaeological vestiges in Romania. The first document dates back to 1324 when the Transylvania Saxons revolted against Carol Robert King of Hungary took refuge inside the fortress, Castrum Kuholm. The name Kuholm comes from the rock on which it was built, the basalt. The fortress served over the time as a fortress, but also as a refuge for the inhabitants living near by hills and valley, its place being a strategic one, at the junction of roads connecting Transylvania, Moldavia and Romanian Province (Walachia) through the southeastern passes.
Rupea Fortress